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  • The Splendour of Marwar region of Thar Desert

     06.06.2017
    The Splendour of Marwar region of Thar Desert

    Marwar region is situated on the eastern part of the Great desert of Thar. The word "Marwar" has two meanings i.e. the land of desert and the land of death. The typical geographical and climatic features of desert, made the human life very tough but the bigger threat came from invaders who were encroaching very often from all sides of Marwar. The people of Marwar fought against their enemies for centuries. There were endless wars with endless results. The warriors of this land were eating Bajra and Moth and pushing their enemies to the boundaries. All these harsh elements of the land, constituted a very special cultural fabric that is entirely different from the other regions of the world. People of Marwar filled

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -1

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -1

    The English word culture is synonym of Hindi word Sanskriti. Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.

    According to Vajansaneyi Sanhita, Culture means to prepare or to complete. Aitraye brahmin refers culture to composition. The word culture in Mahabharta, has been used for lord Krishna. According to Hindi Sahitya Kosh, culture means to clean or to purify. According to Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Sanskriti is a way of life, which

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -2

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -2

    Dana and Dhyana (Donation and Meditation)

    In fact, neither sacrifices (Ista dharma) nor Purta dharma could ennoble a person. It was ultimately the values of life which could ennoble the person's life and character. That is why stress was laid on the mental attitude in comparison to the largeness of the benefactions. Skandha purana which seems to have been written after the classical period said it clearly that the amount of benefactions alone was immaterial as far as merit was concerned.

    There are a number of grants (Daulatpura and Barah plates of Pratihara Bhoja I. Pratabgarb inscription of Pratiha

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -3

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -3

    Moral excellence of Marwari society

    Moral excellence of Kshatriyas

    Pratihara ruler Kakkuka who ruled over Mandore in 861 A. D. narrates in a verse- "Six things are dear to Kakkuka, lute (Veena), sweet song (kakali), moon of early winter, the flower of Malti, disciplined wife, and association with good people." In second verse Kakkuka says- "Six things are dear to Kakkuka, the path of justice, devotion towards teacher, love towards son, gratefulness, endearing speech and civilized dre

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -4

     06.06.2017
     Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -4

    Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Caste System

    The ancient Aryans fenced themselves in the high doctrine of descent and purity of blood. They established four "Varnas"( Varna means colour, alphabet and class but here, Varna means the section of society which denotes its occupation.), Brahmins, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras on the basis of their occupations. The caste system is merely an extension of the ancient Aryan's Varna system.

    A caste is defined as

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -5

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -5

     Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Loyalty and Gallantry

    The rajputs were holding high moral of Loyalty and Gallantry. They could sacrifice everything even their lives to save their king, their land, cows, brahmins, ladies and even for the unknown people who were in their shelter. So many accounts are available for this purpose.

    Raj Rupak was written by Virabhan, the court poet of Maharaja Abhaya Singh of Jodhpur. It begins with an account of Set Ram and comes down to the time of A

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -6

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -6

    Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Home Decoration

    Homes, even the humblest mud hut, are decorated; patchwork torans adorn door¬ways; food is cooked in vessels of burnished copper. Mirrors, broken glass bangles, fragments of fabric and pottery are all used to beautify the home and even mud becomes a decorative material from which reliefs can be molded.

    Cloths and Jewellery
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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -7

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -7

    Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Opium eating and Intoxication

    The People who were to took part in battles, were habitual of Opium eating and Intoxication. The land owing Rajputs had no other occupation to while away their time. Highly intoxicated under wine and opium, they witnessed dances and songs of Dholis (Drummers), prostitutes etc. they heard their songs all day long. Further more if so pleased their fancy they wen

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  • Forts and Palaces of Marwar

     21.08.2017
    Forts and Palaces of Marwar

    Cunstruction of Palacial Buildings in Marwar Region




    Marwar was a principality in Thar desert, established by Rathore rajputs in 14th century. A huge number of forts and palaces were built by the Rathore rulers but Many of those were already in existance in this region before the rise of Rathores. Naga rulers built Mandore and Nagaur forts. Pratiharas built Jalore fort. Chouhans constructed the fort of Siwana. The forts at Mehrangarh, Kuchawan, Bhadrajun, Malkot, Phalodi, Bhopalgarh, Rohat, Sojat, Bali, Jaitaran, A

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  • Havelis, Shrines and cenotaphs in Marwar

     21.08.2017
    Havelis, Shrines and cenotaphs in Marwar

    Havelis, Shrines and cenotaphs in Marwar

    Historical monuments include forts, palaces, Havelis, shrines, cenotaphs ,etc. Erstwhile Marwar principality of Thar desert was quite rich in this field. We have given a brief account of forts and palaces of this region. In this article a breiff account of Havelis, Shrines and cenotaphs is nentioned. Rulers of Mawar, Jagirdars and nobels, wealthy merchants and other people got constructed many buildings in the area which have immense historical importance.

    Havelis

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