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  • Different forms of Art and Early History of Rajput Style Painting

     06.06.2017
    Different forms of Art and Early History of Rajput Style  Painting

    Different forms of Art and Early History of Rajput Style  Painting

    Art is a cultured way of life. The experience of joy relating to the visible or invisible physical or astral body or sentiments being in real form, appear before human beings in expressive forms. That expression is termed art. 

    Indian View of Art  or Kala

    The Hindi synonym of 'art' known as 'Kala', is derived from Sanskrit language. It has been used in Sanskrit literature in numerous interpretations, in whic

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  • History of Marwar School of painting - 1

     06.06.2017
    History of Marwar School of painting - 1

    History of Marwar School of painting - (Part A)

    Marwar School of painting is recognised the world over. The Marwar School, though greatly influenced by the Mughal School, has greatly added to the glory of art in India. Its significance can, however, be gauged only if we have a deeper probe in the factors that led to the rise and prosperity of Marwar paintings. It is often observed that nowhere in the world the feminine figure has been handled so minutely and that too in a variety moods and poses as has been achieved at Marwar. The grandeur of the Marwar school of painting is well expressed in the Jodhpur style,

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  • History of Marwar School of Painting (Part 2)

     07.06.2017
    History of Marwar School of Painting (Part 2)

    History of Marwar School of Painting (Part 2)

    Salient Features of Jodhpur style

    In Marwar, we have to satisfy ourselves with only medieval period works from three active centers of this region- Bhinmla, Pali and Jodhpur. The Jodhpur style is the principal style of the Marwar School, but today a large number of paintings in this style are not available, and whatever is available belongs to the early part of the 19th century. Despite being influenced by the Mewar School, the Jodhpur style has its own striking features, and as a r

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  • The Splendour of Marwar region of Thar Desert

     06.06.2017
    The Splendour of Marwar region of Thar Desert

    Marwar region is situated on the eastern part of the Great desert of Thar. The word "Marwar" has two meanings i.e. the land of desert and the land of death. The typical geographical and climatic features of desert, made the human life very tough but the bigger threat came from invaders who were encroaching very often from all sides of Marwar. The people of Marwar fought against their enemies for centuries. There were endless wars with endless results. The warriors of this land were eating Bajra and Moth and pushing their enemies to the boundaries. All these harsh elements of the land, constituted a very special cultural fabric that is entirely different from the other regions of the world. People of Marwar filled

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -1

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -1

    The English word culture is synonym of Hindi word Sanskriti. Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving.

    According to Vajansaneyi Sanhita, Culture means to prepare or to complete. Aitraye brahmin refers culture to composition. The word culture in Mahabharta, has been used for lord Krishna. According to Hindi Sahitya Kosh, culture means to clean or to purify. According to Ramdhari Singh Dinkar, Sanskriti is a way of life, which

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -2

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -2

    Dana and Dhyana (Donation and Meditation)

    In fact, neither sacrifices (Ista dharma) nor Purta dharma could ennoble a person. It was ultimately the values of life which could ennoble the person's life and character. That is why stress was laid on the mental attitude in comparison to the largeness of the benefactions. Skandha purana which seems to have been written after the classical period said it clearly that the amount of benefactions alone was immaterial as far as merit was concerned.

    There are a number of grants (Daulatpura and Barah plates of Pratihara Bhoja I. Pratabgarb inscription of Pratiha

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -3

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -3

    Moral excellence of Marwari society

    Moral excellence of Kshatriyas

    Pratihara ruler Kakkuka who ruled over Mandore in 861 A. D. narrates in a verse- "Six things are dear to Kakkuka, lute (Veena), sweet song (kakali), moon of early winter, the flower of Malti, disciplined wife, and association with good people." In second verse Kakkuka says- "Six things are dear to Kakkuka, the path of justice, devotion towards teacher, love towards son, gratefulness, endearing speech and civilized dre

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -4

     06.06.2017
     Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -4

    Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Caste System

    The ancient Aryans fenced themselves in the high doctrine of descent and purity of blood. They established four "Varnas"( Varna means colour, alphabet and class but here, Varna means the section of society which denotes its occupation.), Brahmins, Ksatriyas, Vaisyas and Sudras on the basis of their occupations. The caste system is merely an extension of the ancient Aryan's Varna system.

    A caste is defined as

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -5

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -5

     Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Loyalty and Gallantry

    The rajputs were holding high moral of Loyalty and Gallantry. They could sacrifice everything even their lives to save their king, their land, cows, brahmins, ladies and even for the unknown people who were in their shelter. So many accounts are available for this purpose.

    Raj Rupak was written by Virabhan, the court poet of Maharaja Abhaya Singh of Jodhpur. It begins with an account of Set Ram and comes down to the time of A

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  • Cultural Aesthetics of Marwar, Part -6

     06.06.2017
    Cultural Aesthetics  of Marwar, Part -6

    Traditions and Practices Prevail in Marwar's Society

    Home Decoration

    Homes, even the humblest mud hut, are decorated; patchwork torans adorn door¬ways; food is cooked in vessels of burnished copper. Mirrors, broken glass bangles, fragments of fabric and pottery are all used to beautify the home and even mud becomes a decorative material from which reliefs can be molded.

    Cloths and Jewellery
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